research & publications

HIV RESEARCH

Results by County (Approx)
  • 18 results found
  • Information on Systems for patients follow up and chronic Management of HIV and treatment

    The scale-up of treatment for HIV and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in developing countries requires a long-term relationship with the patient, accurate and accessible records of each patient’s history, and methods to track his/her progress. Recent studies have shown up to 24% loss to follow-up of HIV patients in Africa during treatment and many patients not being started on treatment at all. Some programs for prevention of maternal–child transmission have more than 80% loss to follow-up of babies born to HIV-positive mothers. These patients are at great risk of dying or developing drug resistance if their antiretroviral therapy is interrupted. Similar problems have been found in the scale-up of MDR-TB treatment.

  • Assessment Of Hiv Prevalence And Related Risk Behaviour In Prison Settings In Kenya

    93 penal institutions in the country, a Prison Staff Training College (PSTC), 2 Borstal Institutions and 1 Youth Corrective and Training Centre (YCTC) Carolyne AjemaLVCT HealthTo update information on HIV prevalence and risk behaviors in the prison settings; To determine services available for HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment in the prison settings; To document service delivery gaps for comprehensive HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment a in the prison; To make recommendations for a comprehensive action plan on HIV and AIDS prevention and care in the prison settings.
  • Acceptability and feasibility of “Tunajijua” a CSD of HIV status & Community follow up among clients attending HTC in peri urban settings in Kenya

    Nairobi, Rift Valley & Western regionsWanjiru MukomaLVCT HealthTo compare the effectiveness of ‘tunajijua’ (a model utilising individuals presenting alone for HTC to reach their sexual partner) against the standard HTC, in increasing uptake of couple HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) 2. To evaluate effective linkages to, and 3 month retention in appropriate post-test services among couples with the introduction of ‘tunajijua’ 3. To establish the feasibility, acceptability and requirements for scale up of tunajijua as routine HTC service provision in clinical and community setting
  • Exploring potentially effective methods for counselling and linkage to care in the context of HIV self-testing in Kenya

    Community based & stand alone VCT sitesWanjiru MukomaLVCT HealthTo describe users of oral self-test kits distributed through a range of outlets To identify user counselling needs, barriers to uptake of counselling, enablers and preferred counselling methods following a self-test To describe potential strategies for uptake of a confirmatory test after HIV self-testing results 4. To describe the role and effectiveness of community and telephone counselling in facilitating linkage to and uptake of care and in the context of self-testing
  • Assessing acceptability and feasibility of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) screening and support in HIV programs.

    Nairobi, Embu and Machakos Erick SakwaLVCT HealthTo determine the barriers/challenges of routine screening of women in community based HTC settings. To determine the acceptability and feasibility of utilization of the IPV and Alcohol screening tool in practice To establish the feasibility of routine screening and a brief counseling intervention in increasing uptake of referral to appropriate post IPV services among women who test positive for IPV.
  • Baseline survey to determine specific requirements of VCT centers in the eight sugar institutions managed by Kenya Sugar Board

    SONY, SOC and Transmara Soin and Chemelil MUSOCO, Muhoroni and Muhoroni Multi-Purpose Kibos, Miwani and KESREF Nzoia and NOCO Mumias and MOCO West Kenya, Butali Kwale International Sugar Company Liverpool VCT, Care & Treatment, Kenya Sugar BoardTo determine the specific requirements of the VCT centres in the 8 sugar institutions/zones managed by the Kenya Sugar Board To provide recommendations to KSB for a comprehensive plan on setting up of VCT centres in the sugar zones
  • Assessment of Counsellor Supervision in the Delivery of HTC Services: A Case Study of LVCT.

    LVCT sites and LVCT supported sites in Nairobi. Steven KimetuTo establish whether counsellor supervision meets the intended objectives. To establish the perceptions of HTC counsellors and supervisors towards counsellor supervision and the approaches used
  • Best Practices in the provision of HIV/AIDS to people with Disabilities

    Thika, Kerugoya, Nairobi Central, Nairobi West, Kisumu and Nyando Sarah NdutaLVCT HealthTo describe best practices in programming and advocacy in the delivery of HIV/AIDS services to PWDs. To identify and review existing policy frameworks around HIV/AIDS Programming among PWDs • To document what works well and identify enabling factors in delivery of HIV/AIDS services to PWDs
  • Kengen HIV/AIDS Baseline Survey on Behaviour Change 2009

    All KenGen sites, with the exception of Mesco and Sosian Liverpool VCT, Care and Treatment, Kenya Electricity Generating CompanyTo establish attitudes, awareness and knowledge levels on HIV/AIDS among the Kengen Employees To describe existing support services for HIV prevention, care and treatment services within Ken Gen
  • Female Initiated Prevention Methods Project: Integrating female Condoms into HIV risk-reduction activities in Kenya

    Hurlingham, Sokoni, Githurai and Supkem, Ribeiro clinic Karusi KiragiTo explore how female condoms can be promoted in various service delivery environments, What triggers women and men respond to regarding the promotion of FC in each of these environments (e.g. messages, type of providers), To identify key program and policy barriers to access
  • To utilise disclosure of HIV status to increase HIV testing among sexual couples in Kenya

    Nairobi,Machakos,Nanyuki,Malindi,Homabay Inviolata NjeriLVCT HealthTo identify predictors associated with disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners and knowledge of partner status Among VCT clients in Kenya • To utilise disclosure as a tool to increase VCT uptake among couples in Kenya
  • Sexual Health and HIV Knowledge, Practice & Prevalence among Male Prisoners in Kenya

    the prisons in all eight provinces of KenyaSteven KimetuDescribe the level of awareness and knowledge of HIV among male prisoners Describe the sexual health knowledge and practices among male prisoners Determine the prevalence and predictors of HIV infection among male prisoners Examine policy, practice and legal frameworks around prevention of HIV infection in prisons
  • Knowledge and information support in nutrition and HIV among health care providers in both stand-alone and integrated Voluntary Counselling and Testing sites

    Nairobi Province,Coast Province,Nyanza Province ,Western Province Brenda Metobo To determine the knowledge of the health care providers on nutrition in HIV counselling, to identify demographic and socio-economic factors associated with knowledge in nutrition in HIV,to evaluate the extent of relationship between demographic and socio- economic factors associated with knowledge in nutrition in HIV,to identify the barriers and opportunities associated with acquiring knowledge on nutrition in HIV counselling
  • Implications for scaling up Standard HIV Counseling and Testing For Diagnostic Health Care Settings In Kenya

    Ndindi MutisyaLiverpool VCT, Care & Treatment To establish health care providers’ perceptions towards HIV CT in each health facility ii.To understand current practice for HIV CT in each health facility including internal referrals and linkages iii.To establish missed opportunities for HIV CT from selected service delivery points in each health facility
  • Kenya Alcohol and VCT study (KAVS)

    Karusa KiraguUNAIDSTo describe the alcohol and substance abuse profiles of VCT clients in Kenya. ii. To determine the feasibility of integrating alcohol-related HIV risk reduction counselling into VCT service provision
  • Oral HIV testing in Kenya (Oraquick study)

    Peter NgureTo establish the perceptions of rapid oral testing for HIV in Kenya
  • HIV PEP in health facilities in Kenya

    Ruth SucklingLiverpool School of Tropical MedicineTo explore knowledge, attitudes and practice of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among health care workers (HCWs) in a Kenyan district.
  • Quality Assurance for VCT

    Carol NgareNACCTo determine the feasibility of scaling up Quality Assured VCT services in Kenya (PhD thesis)